Palm Oil is made from the fruit of a Palm tree. A Palm tree needs tropical conditions to prosper, it also needs over a hundred litres of water a day to grow. It starts producing fruit after around 4 years and will continue to do so for 30 years. As the tree grows, harvesting the fruits gets harder and more dangerous. After the tree has stopped producing fruit, the whole tree must be rooted up and removed from the land and replanting must commence. By this time, the soil will be degraded and drenched in fertilisers.
This is not a sustainable oil. This farming method is not sustainable for local, small farmers either. The farmers can't feed their children with this produce, nor can they afford the fertilisers needed for the trees to grow. Enormous industrial companies are occupying the lands of Indonesia and growing Palm Oil on an unimaginable scale. At the moment, Palm Oil plantations cover an area the size of Germany.
Palm Oil is the cheapest oil on earth for companies to use. It helps them make a bigger profit from the products we buy from them. Palm Oil is found in 50% of everything packaged in the supermarket. Shampoo, chocolate, wraps, crips, toothpaste, Peanut butter, moisturiser, cakes, biscuits- read the label.